The well-known Mayan pyramids of Chichen Itza (chee-chehn eet-sah) in Maya actually means: "Mouth of the well of the Itza", the name Chichen Itza is a Mayan word: CHI (mouth), CHEN (well) and ITZA (of the Itza tribe), it is amid a 75 afar east of Merida, the Capital of the State of Yucatan, Mexico. This archaeological armpit is rated amid the best important of the Maya ability and covers a region of about six square miles. The architectural characteristics of Chichen Itza and that accept a absolute accord with the Mayan Toltec appearance are: "El juego de la Pelota", "El Castillo", "El Grupo de las Mil Columnas", "El tzompantli", El Edificio de las Aguilas", "El templo de los Guerrerros", and "El Mercado".
All of these barrio accept the aforementioned adornment motives begin in Tula. The best common representations are warriors and Quetzalcoatl. Chichen Itza was afresh called one of the New Seven Wonders of the World, afterwards an international voting via the internet. UNESCO has advised the archeological burghal as a World Heritage Site since 1988. These titles are well adapted by Chichen Itza, back it is alone through the compassionate of the rituals captivated there and the engravings on barrio throughout the burghal that we can absolutely appreciate the antique acumen the Mayans, some of which is still accordant today!
The capital allure is the axial pyramid, a square-based, stepped pyramid that is about 75 feet tall, El Castillo de la Serpiente Emplumada, which means "Castle of the Aerial Serpent," and is pictured at the top. The aerial serpent is a accepted celestial in assorted Mesoamerican cultures. "El Castillo" is absolutely the abode area the commemoration of the coast of Kukulkan was held. The pyramid has appropriate ample blueprint so that a bold of ablaze and adumbration is formed. On March 21st the body of the serpent metaphorically descends from the temple on top of the pyramid and arrives at the active at the bottom of the staircase.
Just aloft El Castillo you will acquisition a big ball court area Mayan men played a bold alleged pok ta pok. Anthropologists accept that the article of the bold was to bung a brawl through a arena that was army on a wall, seven meters aloft the ground. The biggest Ball Game in Mesoamerica is 168 meters in breadth and 70 meters in width. The Temple of Chac Mool, aloft whose walls and inner pillars there are abundantly colored carvings of aerial serpents, warriors, and priests. The upper architecture alone partially reflects its accurate grandeur.
There are three sculpted masks with acutely continued noses on the alien walls and at the corners. On the close walls of the vaults there were murals with scenes of war and circadian life. The chantry tables and benches may accept served as seats and thrones for dignitaries. In the "Templo de los Guerreros" there is a temple on the top allotment area the access columns are usually Toltec. Another one of the barrio that accept a Toltec allowance after is the "Muro de los Craneos". These barrio were destined to be the mausoleums of the attached up the years. Every 52 years the antique Mayans and added cultures would tie up a agglomeration of years to end a cycle. Belvedere of Venus or of the Dance, Sacred Well or the Well of the Sacrifices, Tzompantli, that displays abstracts of skulls in relief.